In addition to the primary armour scheme, there was secondary armour: the upper deck was 20mm, and the flank hull above main belt was 30 mm. There had been a move to design a 15,000-ton cruiser, but this was not possible because of treaty restrictions. The changes made to Sebenico during construction were meant to address the problem, but she was unable to reach her design speed either. The Genova-class was a class of Italian Heavy Cruiser, compromising 2 ships, the Regina Marina Genova, and the Spanish Galicia. The British battleships quickly sank all three Italian cruisers and two of their escorting destroyers in a one-sided gunfight, the only reaction being the aimless fire of a 40mm AA cannon from the already wrecked Zara. The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a leng… In 1897, Spalato became assigned to the artillery school, while Zara was recommissioned for use in the torpedo school. The boilers were ducted into a single funnel located amidships. Fiume Heavy Cruiser, Zara Class Tauro Model 1:400 201 + Actions Stash. 8 × 8-inch (203-mm) / 53 Model 1929 guns (4x2)[2][3] By 1901, man of these guns had been removed, leaving just two 12 cm guns, one 6.6 cm (2.6 in) gun, two 47 mm 44-cal. The gun layout was identical, but it adopted the improved, high-caliber 203mm gun of the Zaras. Construction began in the 1920s as part of the Regia Marina’s plan to construct six heavy cruisers. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. guns, along with her two bow torpedo tubes. 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Quotes 3.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 3.2 Seasonal Quotes 4 Character 4.1 Personality 4.2 Appearance 5 Notes 5.1 Trivia 6 CG 7 See Also Pola Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 35 (59) Armor 35 (53) Torpedo 0 (32) Evasion 32 (58) AA 16 (64) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 9 (35) Range Long Luck 9 (49) Resource Consumption Fuel … During the late 1930s, the … Sign in to disable ALL ads. The Trentos had been designed to the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty, which stated that cruisers had to be 10,000 tons or less, and armed with 8-inch (200 mm) guns or smaller. Even a won battle might seriously deplete Italian naval strength, something they were not prepared to address through sheer numbers. © Valve Corporation. He also reported on the construction and sea trials of the British-built torpedo-aviso All three ships were sold to the RAN (Royal Australian Navy), Phaeton was renamed Sydney in 1939, Amphion was renamed Perth and Apollo Hobart after a few years of British service under their launch names. While the cruisers of the Trento class were fast and well armed, they were very weakly protected. This made the Zaras the best armoured cruisers until the introduction of the Des Moines-class. All four ships of the class saw completion by late 1932 and subsequently entered service with the Italian Navy. Sebenico served in a variety of auxiliary roles over the following five years, before joining Spalato in the artillery school in 1903; the three ships served in their training roles until the outbreak of World War I in July 1914, at which point they became guard ships. Zara class cruiser (Austria-Hungary), a class of four torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in he late 1870s and early 1880s; all four ships remained in use (though not as cruisers) through the end of World War I; Zara class cruiser (Italy), a class of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s In that year, her armour had the only opportunity to display its effectiveness, when this ship was hit by three bombs, launched by American bombers, but the main deck resisted them all and the ship continued to fire against the high-flying bombers. Pöck pointed out that the ship should not include heavy guns, and that two 12 cm (4.7 in) guns without armor would be sufficient; the only armor the ship was to have was a curved protective deck. Having no use for the vessels, the Italians immediately sold all three to ship breakers. Through the 1870s, the Marinekommandant (Navy Commander) of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, Friedrich von Pöck, could not secure sufficient funding for construction of ironclad warships. Almost no other cruisers were equipped with two armoured decks and two armoured belts. As a result, they saw very little active service, spending much of their careers in reserve. You could also do … guns, four 47 mm 44-cal. (as built) 16 × 100mm (3.9 in)/47 caliber (8x2) AA Zara class cruiser (Italy) Gorizia painted in camouflage patterns (1942): Class overview; Operators: Regia Marina In commission: 1931-1944: Completed: Zara, Fiume, Pola, Gorizia: General characteristics Zieten proved to be fast and maneuverable, qualities that made her well-suited to training and development of the German torpedo warfare arm. On 15 January 1875, the Artillerie-Kommission (Artillery Commission) and the Schiffbau-Kommission (Shipbuilding Commission) met to begin the process of designing a torpedo-armed warship. Zara was transferred from Cattaro Bay to Pola in June 1917, but while en route, suffered a serious explosion that caused significant damage to her bow. The lead ship of the class, Zara, was laid down in July 1929. Zara and Spalato were also armed with four torpedo tubes. Background on Zara Class Cruisers. gun, and two 37 mm (1.5 in) guns; two of the 9 cm guns were removed to make room. The meeting concluded with the consensus that the new vessel should be built as a purely torpedo-armed vessel, with no armor and no heavy guns. The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. Sortieing! [9] Each ship had a crew of 13 officers and 135 enlisted men. Two of the Class, the Zara and Pola, appeared in the alternate history Japanese anime Strike Witches 2 episode "Higher than the Sky". Pöck decided to await a report from then-Fregattenkapitän (Frigate Captain) Hermann von Spaun, the naval attache to Britain, who was observing British developments, including the construction of the torpedo gunboat HMS Vesuvius. [8], Zara was laid down at OTO Muggiano 4 July 1929,[3] launched 27 April 1930,[3] and commissioned 21 October 1931. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. Zara — Italian Tier VII cruiser.. During the pre-war period, she was one of the best heavy cruisers in the world. Alternatively, if submerged tubes could not be made to work on the broad side, the ship should include two deck-mounted launchers with at least five torpedoes apiece, four heavy guns, and a speed sufficient just to keep pace with the ironclads of the main fleet. [16], Owing to their poor performance and slow speed, the Zara-class cruisers did not see significant service with the fleet. After the war, they were seized as war prizes by the Allies and awarded to Italy in 1920; all were broken up immediately thereafter. Sign in to disable ALL ads. ZARA was the lead ship of 4 Zara class italian cruisers. Gorizia was sunk 26 June 1944 at her moorings in La Spezia,[8] in yet another twist of fate by Italian manned torpedoes, after the Italians joined the Allies. This was particularly important as Italy's battleships were obsolete, and the new cruisers were needed to lead the Italian fleet. A typical Washington design had 76 mm in its armour belt, and less on other areas of the ship. The launchers would be supplied with six torpedoes each. The ships were recreated in detail with CGI animation technology. The Zara-class cruisers were developed to meet an Italian Navy requirement for a more heavily armoured class of cruisers than the previous fast, but lightly armoured Trento-class. To achieve this, the Zaras were almost 2000 t (at standard displacement) over the 10,000 ton limit,[3] even if fully loaded (because the modest amount of the fuel load) they displaced no more than, for example, British heavy cruisers. They also created an alternate proposal for a smaller, unarmored ship with just two to four light guns, in the event that their preferred vessel could not reach the desired speed. [2][3], The Schiffbau-Kommission recommended building a ship with heavy armor to protect it from enemy fire, one or two 10-centimeter (3.9 in) guns in the bow, deck-mounted launchers for the Whitehead torpedoes, and towed torpedoes to be used defensively against ramming. Designed with a sophisticated armament, good survivability, and competitive speed, she was among the most advanced heavy cruisers in service at … Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, pointed out that such a vessel would have to be very large to allow it to reach high enough speeds for it to be able to use torpedoes effectively. The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. As a result, it was decided to base a new design on the Trento, but with speed sacrificed to improve protection. After Pola (in company with Fiume and Zara, serving as escort to the battleship Vittorio Veneto) was hit by a torpedo from a TSR Swordfish from Formidable, which stopped her, the rest of the 1st Division (at this time Gorizia was in reserve) ran in to protect her. [10], The ships' propulsion system consisted of a pair of two-cylinder vertical compound steam engines, with steam provided by five coal-fired, cylindrical fire-tube boilers. The torpedo tubes were located singly, two in the bow and at either beam in deck-mounted launchers. The ships were a … Sebenico returned to active service in 1893, alternating between sea duty with the training squadron and harbor service as a training ship for engine-room personnel. On 30 January, Shipbuilding Engineer Andressen began working on the projet, which at that time included a pair of 24 cm (9.4 in) guns in an armored casemate. Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Italian naval ship classes of World War II, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/Zara-class_cruiser?oldid=4443710, Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls. Although equipped with powerful armament, hits against them would likely penetrate the armour and knock the ships out of combat. Specifications for Zara class. At some point before 1914, she also received a 10 cm (3.9 in) gun. Among their numbers were the ships Zara, Fiume, Pola, and Gorizia. [14] Sebenico was similarly modified in 1903; in addition to two 12 cm guns, she acquired one 6.6 cm gun, four 47 mm 33-cal. That's it. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. [5] The guns had a high muzzle velocity of 939 m/s (3,080 ft/s) with a 125 kg (275 lb) AP shell,[5] allowing Zaras to engage equals at a very long 34,400 yards (31,500 m) at 45 elevation. Select Language Site search Donate Site search Donate The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. [8] Zara and Spalato displaced 833 long tons (846 t), while Sebenico was slightly heavier, at 882.6 long tons (896.8 t). [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Zara class cruiser on pronouncekiwi. [4], On 26 March, Pöck held a meeting to discuss the proposals. Like other Italian heavy cruisers, the Zara class were armed with eight 8″ guns in four twin turrets. [17] That year, Sebenico took part in the only significant period of fleet service, when she was sent to the island of Crete to participate in an international naval demonstration during Greco-Turkish War. [6], The first two ships of the Zara class—Zara and Spalato—were 62.71 meters (205 ft 9 in) long overall and 55 m (180 ft) long between perpendiculars. guns, one 47 mm 44-cal. Barrels for Italian Heavy Cruiser. Gorizia survived until she was taken over by the Germans after Italy left the war in 1943. Formaban esta clase los buques: Zara… There were only two 113 kg (250 lb) bombs, launched at low altitude, but they pierced the hull and almost sank the ship. Trentos had sacrificed armor for speed, allowing them to make high-speed dashes up and down the long Italian coastline, which would otherwise be difficult to defend from Italy's widely separated naval bases. Unable to increase the strength of the ironclad fleet, Pöck turned to less expensive means to defend Austria-Hungary's coastline, including development of naval mines and self-propelled torpedoes. Zara-class cruiser (1879). Just better. Sep 23, 2019 - Italian heavy cruiser "Fiume" was a Zara class cruiser. In general, in order to be effective, armour should be roughly the same thickness as the diameter of the shells fired against it. The Zaras shared their main armament with the last of the three Trentos, the Bolzano. Cruiser Zara-class, Pola type. The Artillerie-Kommission proposed a smaller design with sufficient armor and a high speed but no guns. In March 1872, the Torpedoversuchs-Kommission (Torpedo Testing Commission) recommended to Pöck that a new warship should be built to use the Whitehead torpedo that had been developed in Austria-Hungary in the 1860s. May 8, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Winston Gould. Sebenico received the most radical alteration; her stern was lengthened slightly to allow for finer hull lines, which would improve her hydrodynamic shape, though this too failed to provide a significantly higher speed. your own Pins on Pinterest The first two ships of the class, Zara and Fiume were ordered under the 1928–1929 construction programme, with a third ship, Gorizia ordered as part of the 1929–30 p… Fleet, ahead full! Thus, the Zara-class heavy cruisers came into being, featuring vastly improved protection over the Trentos, equal firepower and at the cost of only slightly reduced mobility. The ship would be capable of a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) from a twin-screw propulsion system, and it would not be equipped with a sailing rig. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Zara-class cruiser (Italy) on pronouncekiwi. The Torpedoversuchs-Kommission recommended a vessel with submerged torpedo tubes, a ram bow, deck and waterline belt armor, and two heavy gun turrets if it were possible to install them without compromising the ability of the ship to use its torpedoes effectively. This new cruiser would become the Zara class. The Zara class was a class of three torpedo cruisers built for the Austro-Hungarian Navy in the late 1870s and early 1880s; they were the first large torpedo-armed warships built by Austria-Hungary. These thicknesses were reasonably good against destroyer and light cruiser weapons (typically between 5 in {127 mm} and 6 in {150 mm}), but insufficient against the 120 kg shells that 203 mm fired, capable of piercing even 150 mm at medium range. 199x | New tool + Actions Stash. [11][17], Torpedo cruiser class of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zara-class_cruiser_(1879)&oldid=1007714382, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 15:22. The Trento and Trieste had a less advanced model, firing a 110 kg to  29,000 m. The downside to the new gun was a greater dispersion of shots and barrel wear than normal. To supplement their steam engines, each vessel had an auxiliary sailing barquentine rig with two masts and a sail area of 275.6 m2 (2,967 sq ft). (1940) 14x100mm (6x2, 2x1)[4] Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. The class comprised the vessels Zara, Fiume, Gorizia, and Pola, the last of which was completed to a slightly different design. Training ship duties continued through the early 1910s. During World War I, all three vessels were used as guard ships, but none saw action. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. [6] All these guns were reasonably modern, especially at their time, even if not outstanding performers. In the meantime, Spaun made his report on British naval activities, which included the completion of Vesuvius and the introduction of twin-screw propulsion. [5], Pöck rejected all of Andressen's proposals, since none of them incorporated the characteristics specified in the March 1875 meeting. Media in category "Zara class cruiser" The following 5 files are in this category, out of 5 total. Zara-class cruiser may refer to:. Zara was the lead ship of the Zara class, a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the 1930s. Andressen prepared three more designs, as seen in the table below. guns, and one 37 mm gun. [7] Sebenico was built to a slightly larger design in an attempt to rectify the earlier vessels' inability to meet the designed speed. This scheme followed, in fact, not quite a cruiser layout, but that of a small battleship. Later she was able to reach La Spezia, but the damage to the mid-ship was heavy, with almost all the structures over the armor belt devastated and a 100 mm (3.9 in) turret thrown into the sea. guns, two 37 mm autocannon, and two 8 mm (0.31 in) machine guns. To install click the Add extension button. These included one 12 cm (4.7 in) 40-cal. The weight limitation made it impossible to design a ship with those guns and armour able to stop shells of the same caliber. gun and two 25 mm (0.98 in) Nordenfelt guns. [9][11] Between 1898 and 1901, all four ships were re-boilered. [8], France immediately responded with a new heavy cruiser of her own, Algérie, which was a close match for the Zaras when she launched in 1934. RM Pola ( Zara-class Heavy Cruiser ) Pola adalah flagship dari Zara-class cruisers. [5] Later, these were replaced by OTO L/47s,[5] plus two single 100 mm mounts for flare illumination rounds. With these traits together, Bolzano cut through the waves at a top spee… Sebenico instead had a single bow-mounted torpedo tube in her bow, submerged below the waterline. Pöck decided that the new vessel should incorporate the twin-screw, 15-knot requirement from the Schiffbau-Kommission proposal. [8] During this part of the war, the Zaras were a serious problem for the Royal Navy, which had nothing comparable in the Mediterranean Sea, and were seriously outgunned by them during the inconclusive Battle of Calabria and Battle of Cape Spartivento. The Italian Zara Class of four heavy cruisers served during the Second World War. Los cruceros pesados de la Clase Zara fueron una clase de cruceros construidos para la Regia Marina Italiana, entre finales de los años 20 y principio de los 30.Fueron considerados como uno de los mejores tipos de su categoría y diseño. 3D Model of Italian heavy cruiser Pola (Zara class) Latent Franco-Italian naval competition started from fresh following the Washington Treaty, the 2 French Duquesne class cruisers getting promptly trumped with the Italian Trento class using better protection. [11], When the Second World War broke out, Gorizia, Zara, and Fiume[8] were organized into 1st Cruiser division, Pola serving as flagship for 2nd Cruiser Division. [19] Zara was stationed in Cattaro Bay and Sebenico protected the harbor of her namesake city, while Spalato provided local defense outside Pola. By the 1890s, they were reactivated for training ship duties, and in 1897 Sebenico took part in an international naval demonstration off Crete, where she sank a Greek blockade runner. #ShipTrivia RM Pola ( Zara-class Heavy Cruiser ) Pola adalah flags... hip dari Zara-class cruisers. She shared the light construction of her sisters and the improved technology of the Zaras. (as built) 4 × 40mm/39 caliber Vickers-Terni Model 1915 (4x1)[5] AA 1 Basic 2 Upgrade 3 Second Upgrade 4 Quotes 4.1 Hourly Notifications (Kai) 4.2 Seasonal Quotes 5 Notes 6 Trivia 7 CG 8 See Also Zara Zara Class Heavy Cruiser Statistics HP 42 (44) Firepower 36 (58) Armor 36 (54) Torpedo 0 (28) Evasion 33 (59) AA 18 (62) Aircraft 6 ASW 0 Speed Fast LOS 10 (36) Range Long Luck 10 (48) Resource Consumption Fuel 45 Ammo 60 Build Time … The Piaggio P.6bis originally carried was later replaced by M.41s, CANT 25ARs, MF6s, and in 1938, by Ro.43s. The Zara Class Heavy Cruisers (Zara, Fiume, Gorizia and Pola) were the most armored heavy cruisers built up to that time and even later, very few classes of cruisers equaled or exceeded the Zara in protection. (1937) 8x37mm/54 caliber Breda[6]. However, Zaras were eventually taken to task during the Battle of Cape Matapan. Pola (1941) - (actual Zara class … Ironically, at beginning of 1941, a modest British attack, at night, over Naples hit Zara. R.N. This would prove to be a fatal omission. Sebenico was withdrawn from guard duties in 1918 and assigned to the torpedo school. They were equipped with the 203 mm/L53 (8 in) guns of 25 tonnes each[5] and were fitted in pairs in Ansaldo turrets. The others ships were called FIUME, GORIZIA and POLA. SMS Zieten for the Imperial German Navy. Spalato reached a speed of 12.63 knots (23.39 km/h; 14.53 mph) from 1,370 PS (1,350 ihp), while Sebenico made 12.81 knots (23.72 km/h; 14.74 mph) from 1,598 PS (1,576 ihp). [12], All three ships received several 47 mm (1.9 in) guns in the mid-1880s; these included a Hotchkiss revolver cannon on their bows and four single-barrel quick-firing guns. [3] This additional armour would have made the ships decidedly nose-heavy, so to offset this the rear of the ship was raised by one deck behind the front funnel. Romako took over the design process in 1878, and prepared the design for Zara, construction of which began on 1 August that year. The Zaras were essentially an improved Trento class tasked with dealing with the latest French designs. [5] The result was excellent watertight integrity and protection.[9]. guns, two 37 mm 23-cal. Detail and Conversion sets. ザラ級重巡、ザラ! 抜錨します! 艦隊前に、行きます! Joining the Fleet Play: Tenaciously! The first two ships were armed with deck-mounted torpedo tubes, while Sebenico received an experimental tube in her bow, submerged below the waterline. [18] During the blockade, Sebenico stopped and sank a Greek vessel trying to break the blockade. guns in single mounts, along with one 7 cm (2.8 in) 15-cal. A suggestion was made to await developments in torpedo technology and to incorporate the weapons into the next ironclad that they could secure funding from Parliament to build. Despite the heavier armor, the Zara class ships were still respectably fast at 32 knots. In the meantime, Pöck ordered the first torpedo boat, Torpedoboot I, from Britain that year, followed by five more from Britain and four more from domestic shipyards thereafter. The Austro-Hungarian Navy and its primary opponent, the Italian Navy, both adopted cautious strategies, since neither wanted to risk its fleet in the narrow waters of the Adriatic Sea, where naval mines and fast, torpedo-armed craft could operate effectively. guns and four 47 mm 44-cal. The solution was a new design, one combining the armament of the Trentos with the armour needed to protect them from similar French designs. The Zaras almost doubled belt armour compared to the Trentos, with 150 mm in the main belt. While originally commissioned by Spain in 1927 to revitalize its ageing pre-dreadnought fleet, the resulting design was eventually ordered by Italy as well as a one-off heavy cruiser that would later inspire the Udine-class. The commissions were primarily concerned with several fundamental concerns, including whether the ship should be armored or not, whether it would only use the Whitehead torpedoes or it would also carry towed torpedoes, the propulsion system and whether it would include a sailing rig or not, and the speed the ship should be capable of reaching. They argued that an attempt to build what they described as a "universal battle-ship" (i.e., the Schiffbau-Kommission's first proposal) was ill-advised, since torpedoes were still in the developmental phase and a vessel of that type would be expensive and risky, considering the limited budgets of the time. The main deck was also very thick, 70 mm. After repairs were effected, she joined the harbor defense at Pola. The secondary armament was superior as well, compared to the standard of those times: sixteen Škoda Model 1910[5] 100 mm/L50 guns were fitted in eight dual turrets, four on each side, again following a scheme similar to a small battleship. Three Royal Navy battleships (the Queen Elizabeth-class sisters Barham, Valiant, and Warspite), plus many supporting units, were able to approach them closely at night — the lack of radar on Zaras making them unaware of their approach. Romako based his design on the German Zieten, though the German vessel was significantly faster than the Zara class, in part owing to the fact that Zieten had a longer, finer hull and was more lightly built. Intended to reach a speed of at least 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph), none of the vessels were able to steam that fast. Dibangun sebagai flagship artinya dia dibangun dengan bridge structure yang lebih bulky jika dibandingkan dengan saudaranya. R.N. Zara-class heavy cruiser, Zara! [citation needed]. Quite the same Wikipedia. The class comprised three ships, Zara, Spalato, and Sebenico; the last vessel was built to a slightly different design, and is sometimes not counted as a member of the class. ZARA/FIUME Delphis Models 1:700 DM01 . She was 64.91 m (213 ft 0 in) overall and 57.2 m (188 ft) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 8.24 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.2 m (13 ft 9 in). gun, two 15 cm (5.9 in) 26-cal. The engines drove a pair of bronze screws that were 2.74 m (9 ft 0 in) in diameter. [citation needed] Four ships of the class were completed, Zara, Fiume, Pola and Gorizia, all of which saw extensive service during the war. They fought in the pacific and the Mediterranean: Perth participated in the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941, joined the pacific and was lost in action at the Battle of Sunda Straitin early 1942 (Guadalcanal). They had a beam of 8.22 m (27 ft 0 in) and a draft of 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in). Despite the lengthy design process, the ships proved to be failures in service, primarily as a result of their low speed. Zara-class heavy cruiser "Zara", weigh anchor! All three ships had their propeller shafts lengthened, and their original bronze screws were replaced with larger steel propellers, though this did not improve performance. Extras such as a high superstructure and torpedo tubes were removed in an effort to save weight, but in the end the ships ended up considerably "overweight" anyway. 3D model. Valiant, astonishingly,[12] scored with her first salvo. [6] As a result of her different hull, Sebenico is sometimes not included in the Zara class. As a result, they spent most of the 1880s and 1890s laid up, being reactivated briefly for training exercises. HMAS Hobart took part in the East African Campaign, B… The design was prepared by Josef von Romako, the Chief Constructor of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, after a lengthy design process throughout the 1870s. [10], The ships were modified extensively in an attempt to rectify their machinery problems. However, overall anti-aircraft performance was not good, due to the slow tracking process and an inadequate fire control system, although the weapons were acceptable. [3] In 1937, the aft 100 mm mounts were replaced by 37 mm/54 caliber Bredas[10] more useful for close defense, and in 1940, the 40 mm Vickers were replaced by 37 mm Bredas, also. [11][15] In 1917, Zara's armament consisted of two 6.6 cm guns, four 47 mm 33-cal. The Zara-class was an Italian heavy cruiser design of the Regia Marina from the early 1930s, considered by many to be one of the best cruiser designs of World War II. They were too slow to be used as fleet scouts or flotilla leaders, and their gun armament was too weak for them to be able to protect torpedo boats from torpedo-boat destroyers. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. Ships proved to be fast and maneuverable, qualities that made her well-suited to training and development of class. Compromising 2 ships, but none saw action later replaced by M.41s, CANT,! Des Moines-class twin-screw, 15-knot requirement from the Schiffbau-Kommission proposal in category `` Zara '', anchor! 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Gun armament consisted of four heavy cruisers served during the battle of Cape.. Watertight integrity and protection. [ 9 ] in this category, out of combat saw....
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